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Destination Details

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Territory: 1,564,000 km, 19th and the most sparsely populated independent largest country in the world.

Population: 2,754,314 people with density of 1. Person/sq km.

Geographic position: Mongolia lies in Central Asia and borders with Russian and China.

Average altitude: 1,580m above sea level.

Landscapes: Semi - desert and plains, mountains in the west and southwest, Gobi desert in the south and southeast, taiga forests and lakes in the north.

Climate: Hot summers and cold winters. Average summer temperature +20C, in the winter -23C, average rainfall 200-220 mm per annum, the sun shines for over 200 days a year.

Form of state: Parliamentary republic

Capital city: Ulaanbaatar

Language: Official language – Mongolian that belongs to the Ural-Altaic family of languages including: Finnish, Turkish, Kazakh and Uzbek. Since 1944, the Russian Cyrillic alphabet has been used to write Mongolian. Russian and English are commonly spoken.

Economy: Traditionally based on livestock breeding, agriculture, and mining

Religion: Buddhism is dominant (94%) with some elements of Christianity, Muslim, and Shamanism.

Currency: Tugrug (MNT). USD 1 = MNT 1427. There is no limit on foreign currency but it must be registered with Mongolian customs. Territory: 1,564,000 km, 19th and the most sparsely populated independent largest country in the world.

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