Ulaanbaatar (translated by literally “Red Hero”) is the capital and the largest city of Mongolia. It is also politics, business and finance, culture and science heart of the country. The capital was founded in 1639 and it settled permanently in 1778 at its present location which is in valley of Tuul river. It is surrounded picturesque mountains and lies at an elevation of about 1,310 metres (4,300 ft).
Here in the capital city you explore a strong contrast between old and new, traditional and modern. There are several museums and monasteries and it has something for everyone to enjoy with a wide range of performing arts and entertainment, from the traditional throat singing and spectacular contortionist to the likes of concerts pianists, ballerinas, and opera singers. Energetic and always exciting, Ulaanbaatar’s club scene demands to be experienced. Despite all this, men and women still stroll along the main streets in traditional dress.
The topography makes for good hillside views overlooking the city, however, during winter the view is frequently obscured by pollution. This environmental problem is further exacerbated by temperature inversions caused by the coal burning that powers the Soviet-built heating system.
It is the main hub from which foreign tourists start their adventure in this beautiful land. In the nearby areas are several national parks, where you can practice various activities.